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Beware the silent thief of sight – glaucoma is just one of the Big Three sight-threatening diseases of middle age

If you’re aged 50 or over, here’s our checklist for catching vision loss from cataracts, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and glaucoma.

Healthy eye ageing

We are all trying to keep fit physically and mentally, which includes having a good diet, a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise, avoiding weight gain, maintaining a good sex drive and avoiding the effects of potential chronic diseases.
As part of these anti-ageing strategies, you must also consider your eyes, particularly if you are over 50, with the Big Three conditions – cataract, AMD and glaucoma – affecting people in this age group.
Unfortunately, however hard you try to keep healthy, some people will have a genetic predisposition to develop cataracts, age-related macular degeneration and glaucoma. However, you can do as much as possible to both prevent and treat these conditions early by seeing your ophthalmologist for an eye check.
Read more about cataracts, AMD and glaucoma and why you should get your eyes checked if you are aged 50 or over.


A cataract is when you get dimming of your vision, which gets worse over time. It can be worse in poor light or bright sunlight. A cataract can be treated by surgery with very good results.


Unfortunately, chronic forms of glaucoma can destroy your vision before there are any signs or symptoms. If you have a family history of glaucoma, you are at a greater risk of developing this potentially blinding eye condition. Do not be fooled by glaucoma,  which has been commonly called the silent thief of sight. Ophthalmologists can treat glaucoma and arrest its development through a variety of approaches, including eye drops, laser treatment and surgery.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) usually starts in one eye and then spreads to the other. The wet type of AMD is now treated medically.
When it is just in one eye affected by a cataract, AMD or glaucoma, you may not notice it. Therefore it is vital that the Big Three eye diseases are identified and treated by ophthalmologists at Clinica London. All of these diseases can be treated.
Although you can do a lot to help prevent deterioration from cataracts, AMD and glaucoma, because it is so important to catch the early signs and get treatment if you are over 50 you should have an eye check at Clinica London.


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