Condition: Glaucoma2018-09-13T13:14:15+00:00

Glaucoma at Clinica London

Talk to us about your current condition on:
020 7935 7990

The best way to figure out whether your specific condition can be treated or not is to give us a call. We can answer any questions you have and help you clarify which treatment options might be suitable for you.

There are different treatment options available for this condition and the most common ones are listed below:

Learn more about treatment options

Glaucoma Condition Overview

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a condition where the nerve at the back of the eye – the optic nerve – becomes damaged over time. And that damage is irreversible. It is still the commonest cause of preventable blindness worldwide.

Chronic glaucoma is optic nerve damage associated with (in most patients) high intraocular pressure amongst other things. We must confirm optic nerve damage with visual field checks and other special techniques, such as the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT) or with Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) as high intraocular pressure alone does not constitute glaucoma.

Types of Glaucoma

  • Chronic glaucoma
  • Angle glaucoma
  • Secondary glaucoma

Causes of Glaucoma

Chronic glaucoma is more likely if there is family history of glaucoma and in patients over 40. The disease usually affects both eyes, and to differing degrees. It is asymptomatic until the last stages of the disease.

Video: Glaucoma explained

Examination for Glaucoma

A lack of symptoms until the latter stages makes early diagnosis of chronic glaucoma difficult. When the symptoms appear, they are usually related with severe deterioration of the visual fields and in these cases the treatment comes late, and the damage to the optic nerve is irreversible. This is one of the reasons for going regularly to the ophthalmologist to have general reviews and rule out a possible glaucoma, especially if you are above 40, myopic and have a family history of glaucoma, etc.

Once in the clinic, we can easily diagnose the disease with a general ophthalmological examination, with special interest in the intraocular pressure measurement and the optic nerve appearance, and visual fields. To complete the examination sometimes we do other special tests such as HRT or OCT.

In contrast, a patient with acute glaucoma will present much earlier, with higher levels of eye pressure and other symptoms, and will be treated before there is permanent nerve damage.

More about the different types of Glaucoma

Chronic glaucoma

Chronic glaucoma is the most common chronic ophthalmological condition, and also one of the most common causes of treatable blindness in the world.

Angle glaucoma

Angle glaucoma is a rarer type that causes higher levels of eye pressure, usually symptomatic with pain and redness. This is rarer than the chronic type.

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