Beware the silent thief of sight – glaucoma is just one of the Big Three sight-threatening diseases of middle age

If you’re aged 50 or over, here’s our checklist for catching vision loss from cataracts, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and glaucoma.

Healthy eye ageing

We are all trying to keep fit physically and mentally, which includes having a good diet, a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise, avoiding weight gain, maintaining a good sex drive and avoiding the effects of potential chronic diseases.

As part of these anti-ageing strategies, you must also consider your eyes, particularly if you are over 50, with the Big Three conditions – cataract, AMD and glaucoma – affecting people in this age group.

Unfortunately, however hard you try to keep healthy, some people will have a genetic predisposition to develop cataracts, age-related macular degeneration and glaucoma. However, you can do as much as possible to both prevent and treat these conditions early by seeing your ophthalmologist for an eye check.

Read more about cataracts, AMD and glaucoma and why you should get your eyes checked if you are aged 50 or over.


A cataract is when you get dimming of your vision, which gets worse over time. It can be worse in poor light or bright sunlight. A cataract can be treated by surgery with very good results.


Unfortunately, chronic forms of glaucoma can destroy your vision before there are any signs or symptoms. If you have a family history of glaucoma, you are at a greater risk of developing this potentially blinding eye condition. Do not be fooled by glaucoma,  which has been commonly called the silent thief of sight. Ophthalmologists can treat glaucoma and arrest its development through a variety of approaches, including eye drops, laser treatment and surgery.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) usually starts in one eye and then spreads to the other. The wet type of AMD is now treated medically.

When it is just in one eye affected by a cataract, AMD or glaucoma, you may not notice it. Therefore it is vital that the Big Three eye diseases are identified and treated by ophthalmologists at Clinica London. All of these diseases can be treated.

Although you can do a lot to help prevent deterioration from cataracts, AMD and glaucoma, because it is so important to catch the early signs and get treatment if you are over 50 you should have an eye check at Clinica London.

Take control of your eye condition by booking a consultation with an expert


Laura Crawley-Resident expert-Clinica London

Laura Crawley BSc (Hons), MB ChB (Hons) MRCP, FRCOphth GMC

Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon & Glaucoma Specialist

Resident expert – Laura Crawley

I am a Consultant Ophthalmologist at Clinica London with a special interest in treating patients with glaucoma and cataract.

I am very experienced in treating glaucoma and have published extensively in scientific journals and on medical education. I do many emergency operations at the Charing Cross and Western Eye Hospitals for the NHS.

I qualified at the University of Bristol in 1999, winning the Gold medal and Suple prize for medicine and surgery. Having completed my physician training in Bristol, I undertook Ophthalmology training in Oxford and continued training in London at Moorfields Eye Hospital and Imperial College NHS Trust, and at the Western Eye Hospital where I did a two-year fellowship specialising in Glaucoma.

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Jaheed Khan-Resident expert-Clinica London

Jaheed Khan BSc (Hons) MBBS MD FRCOphth

Ophthalmologist, Medical Retina & Cataract Surgeon

Resident expert – Jaheed Khan

I am a Consultant Ophthalmologist at Clinica London and at Moorfields Eye Hospital. My main expertise is in medical retina, including diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration, and cataract surgery.

I graduated from the Royal Free Hospital and University College London Medical School where I received a first class distinction for my Bachelor degrees.

I completed primary ophthalmic training at St Thomas’ Hospital and was later awarded a medical doctorate (MD) for my scientific research into new treatments for diabetic maculopathy at King’s College London.

I then completed higher ophthalmic training at Moorfields Eye Hospital, the Royal Free Hospital and the Western Eye Hospital, Imperial NHS Trust. I was then selected for advanced sub-speciality fellowship training at Moorfields Eye Hospital where I developed expertise in cataract surgery and management of conditions affecting the retina which include diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration.

I am renowned for my teaching excellence in eye surgery and am a clinical supervisor for the London School of Ophthalmology.

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Michel Michaelides BSc MB BS MD(Res) FRCOphth FACS

Medical Retina & Inherited Retinal Specialist

Resident expert – Michel Michaelides

I am Professor of Ophthalmology at Moorfields Eye Hospital in the departments of Medical Retina, Inherited Eye Disease and Paediatric Ophthalmology; and am a Department of Health funded Professor at the UCL Institute of Ophthalmology. I see my Private patients at Clinica London. My main retinal speciality and passion is Inherited Retinal Diseases.

I am a recipient of a career development award from the Foundation Fighting Blindness (USA) – an award which is rarely given to non-US applicants; and have gained membership of the highly prestigious Macula Society in the USA.

In terms of my clinical role, I am a Consultant in the Departments of Medical Retina, Inherited Eye Disease and Paediatric Ophthalmology, having regular clinics in both adult and paediatric inherited and non-inherited retinal disease. I am regularly involved in delivering therapies for retinal disease, including intravitreal treatments and laser treatments, both with conventional laser and photodynamic therapy.

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Read more about eye conditions

On this page, you’ll find thorough, non-promotional information booklets for patients with eye conditions. The College acts as the voice of the ophthalmic profession, they set the curriculum and examinations for trainee ophthalmologists, provide training in eye surgery, maintain standards in the practice of ophthalmology, and promote research and advance science in the speciality. Click here for more information

This handy page helps you look after your eyes when you should have regular eye tests, what you should do if you notice a change in your eyesight and risk factors for eye diseases. Click here for more information

NHS inform is Scotland’s national health information service. They aim to provide the people in Scotland with accurate and relevant information to help them make informed decisions about their own health and the health of the people they care for. Click here for more information
MedlinePlus is the National Institutes of Health’s Web site for patients and their families and friends. Produced by the National Library of Medicine, the world’s largest medical library, it brings you information about diseases, conditions, and wellness issues in language you can understand. MedlinePlus offers reliable, up-to-date health information, anytime, anywhere, for free. Click here for more information
The National Eye Institute (US) supports vision research through approximately 1600 research grants and training awards made to scientists at more than 250 medical centres, universities, and other institutions across the country and around the world. Click here for more information
Clinica London’s YouTube Channel features consultant eye doctors answering hundreds of eye-related questions on video – ranging from watering eyes and dry eyes, oculoplastics, retinal diseases, cataracts, glaucoma, squint and amblyopia. Click here for more information

BOPSS, the British Oculoplastic Surgery Society, was founded in 2000 (one of the founders was our very own Jane Olver) with the aim of bringing together surgeons in the United Kingdom and Ireland who share a significant interest in oculoplastic surgery (ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery, orbital and lacrimal surgery, and aesthetic (cosmetic) eyelid and facial surgery). Oculoplastic surgery is also known as oculofacial surgery. Click here for more information

By |2018-12-14T11:38:27+00:00November 12th, 2018|Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD), Cataracts, Glaucoma|Comments Off on Beware the silent thief of sight – glaucoma is just one of the Big Three sight-threatening diseases of middle age