A keloid is a different type of scar that appears enlarged and raised, it can appear as skin coloured, pink, red or dark and are commonly identified as; smooth and shiny, little to no hair, dark shaded before turning pale brown and tough or rubbery.
All wounds heal with a scar but a keloid scar is one that grows too much and can even become larger than the original wound. It can occur after minor skin damage and involve the areas outside the scar itself. The most common areas keloids scars develop are in the upper chest, shoulders and earlobes.
Risk factors include:
- Darker skin
- Young age,
- Past history
- Wounds under tension
If you are considering Keloids treatment you can see our prices for treatment and consultation.
Frequently Asked Questions.
Surgery can be performed to completely remove the scar, Steroid injections or silicone sheets can be used to reduce or flatten the scar. For smaller keloids, cryotherapy (freezing) can be applied to reduce the size.
Keloids form from wounds, from a major or minor injury, they occur due to fibroblasts forming connective, gristle like tissues that are deposited in a wound to heal it, but continue this process even after the wound is closed.
Keloid scars are not harmful to health, the main concern is the cosmetic impact it can have, dependent on where your keloid is, they can be quite unsightly especially on areas such as the face
A keloid Scar is comprised of connective tissues, gristle fibres within the skin by the fibroblasts, holding the wound closed. The fibroblasts continue to multiply after the wound is healed, and so the keloids eventually rise above the skin surface forming large protruding lumps of scar tissue.
There are many treatment options for keloid scars, some more effective than others:
- Intralesional steroid Injection.
- Steroid-impregnated tape applied for 12 to 24 hours a day may help to flatten keloids.
- Putting a silicone sheet over them at night for several months helps some keloids to flatten. Silicone in gel form is also available.
- Laser therapy can reduce redness of a keloid scar but not the size.
- Cryotherapy, freezing the scare can reduce the size and toughness of a keloid scar.